Followed by Finland and Iceland, Norway topped the latest international female opportunity index. The index measures the level of gender equality in 100 countries.
The analysis suggests that the COVID-19 pandemic has taken more women than men out of the labor market.
Women have taken the lead role in childcare and homeschooling when schools were closed, the analysis says, which compares leadership positions in politics and business, pay gaps, women’s legal status, maternity leave and access to education.
At the same time, countries with female leaders such as Germany, Norway and New Zealand have been among the best in dealing with the pandemic.
Much longer maternity leave
Norway scores particularly well on political representation, women in business positions and gender equality laws.
But Norway is also far from the best in all areas.
The Norwegian maternity leave of 637 days is in eighth place on the list.
Estonia, Slovakia, Finland and Hungary provide more than 1100 days of leave.
The United States is at the bottom of the list without days off after the birth of a child.
Equal pay is one of the variables where Norway scores well, but it is not quite at the top.
Norwegian men must work until 15 October on average to earn an annual salary for women.
In Slovakia, the equal pay date is October 21, in Thailand it is October 22, in Singapore it is October 25, and in Vietnam it is October 26.
Pakistan takes the bottom spot on the list. There, men earn women’s wages already on March 3.
Rwanda strongest in politics
The Female Opportunity Index dates back to 1970.
Norway is in twelfth place when it comes to women’s representation in politics.
At the top is Rwanda, followed by Spain and Finland.
The sum of all the indicators ranked Norway as the top country on the list.
In the Nordic countries, Denmark (7th place) and Sweden (13th place) are a little behind.