In May 2021, the government adopted a resolution on a roadmap for fossil-free transport, listing measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from road transport. The goal is to halve transport emissions by 2030 from 2005 levels and achieve zero emissions by 2045. Road transport accounts for 95% of domestic transport emissions.
The Fossil Free Transport Roadmap sets ambitious targets for the future, including 700,000 electric and 130,000 gas-powered cars by 2030.
“We are moving to fossil-free transportation. To enable the transfer, we need to ensure that the number and location of charging and refueling stations match the growing number of vehicles, says the Minister of Transport and Communications. Timo Harakka.
Although the use of hydrogen as a transport fuel has not gained popularity in Finland in the current market situation, European car manufacturers are investing heavily in hydrogen technology. The launch of several hydrogen-powered truck models is expected in 2021-2025.
“Although we currently have little experience with hydrogen as a transport fuel, it holds great promise as a power source for the future. Finland has the potential to be a pioneer in the hydrogen economy, says Minister Harakka.
The EU is promoting the distribution of alternative fuels
The European Commission wants to build alternative fuel distribution infrastructure across the EU; this will support the achievement of the targets set in the Fossil Free Transport Roadmap. In the EU Fit for 55 package published on 15 July 2021, the Commission proposed more ambitious regulatory measures that are directly binding on Member States. The proposal for a regulation on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (AFIR) covers all modes of transport.
The new regulation imposes much stricter requirements. According to the proposal, by 2025, the TEN-T backbone network should have electric charging stations for both cars and heavy vehicles at least every 60 kilometers. The Commission is also proposing to build hydrogen stations every 150 km on the TEN-T core network and a comprehensive network by the end of 2030.
“AFIR will require significant investment in improving the charging infrastructure in the coming years. It has been gratifying to see how actively various actors in Finland have started to build the charging infrastructure for electric vehicles. The state supports the construction of refueling and recharging infrastructure as part of our fossil-free traffic roadmap, ”says Minister Harakka.
The Finnish government is in favor of setting common ambitious targets for alternative fuel distribution infrastructure throughout the EU. It is important to encourage the use of electric vehicles everywhere, regardless of where you live or where you travel. For heavy goods vehicles, national flexibility may be required in sparsely populated areas with long distances and low traffic. There are provisions for the requirements of hydrogen stations, as there is no demand for hydrogen fuel in Finland yet. Council working groups began discussions on the EU climate package in autumn 2021.
Representatives from the following organizations were invited to the roundtable discussion: Ensto Group, Gasum, Kempower, Kesko, Virta, Neste, Recharge Finland, SOK Corporation, Woikoski, Automobile Industry Association, Climate Leadership Coalition, LUT School of Economics and Management, VTT and the Minister of Economic Affairs and Labor .
The implementation of a three-phase roadmap for fossil-free transport is ongoing. The third, final phase of the Roadmap will assess the need for possible additional national measures in addition to the EU initiatives and measures set out in the Roadmap. In accordance with the decisions taken at the Government’s autumn 2021 budget session, decisions on additional measures in the entire field of solidarity will be taken in spring 2022. Discussions on the AFIR Regulation will continue in the Council working group.
Source: Ministry of Transport and Communications
Source: The Nordic Page