“The crisis in Europe has shown that the direction of Finland’s climate policy has been the right one: building a fossil-free welfare state is also part of security policy. Accelerating the green transition is becoming increasingly important. Clean domestic solutions bring work and well-being to Finland and reduce our dependence on fossil fuels.
Last week, the government agreed on concrete measures to reduce CO2 emissions by 0.2 megatons, 0.8 megatons less than the Climate Panel deemed necessary. Reductions in agriculture are to be achieved, inter alia, through the introduction of a national climate food program, tackling food waste and promoting agroforestry, wetland farming, organic farming and the use of environmentally friendly feed.
Kari said that the measures will be implemented in a way that promotes profitability but does not cause additional costs in agriculture. “The government’s clear position has been that there should be no extra costs in agriculture,” he said.
A completely new measure is the household loan guarantee scheme for clean purchases, such as geothermal or zero-emission vehicles.
The rest of the emission reductions are to be achieved by stepping up existing measures. Municipal climate work will be systematised by obliging municipalities to draw up climate change plans and reduce emissions from transport by continuing to prepare a national emissions trading system.
The government will also issue a decision setting an emission reduction target for public procurement operations.
Kari said on Friday that the decisions are based on research organizations’ assessments that the credibility of the medium-term climate policy plan should be increased in four areas: the plan had a deficit of 0.1-0.2 megatonnes, assuming halving emissions from transport and was too optimistic about the reductions caused by cross-cutting measures.
Although he argued that the decisions would strengthen the credibility of efforts to achieve carbon neutrality by 2035, the decisions were skeptical. Markku OllikainenChairman of the Finnish Climate Panel.
“Some individual measures were confirmed, but this is not particularly convincing,” he said comments To Helsingin Sanomat on Friday. “It’s hard to see how a million tons of carbon dioxide [reductions] which we believe the government should have decided can be achieved by these decisions. “
There were also some reservations about agricultural measures.
“I am sure that there are decisions that can lead to reductions. For example, the promotion of conservation farming and climate-friendly feed. In terms of food programs, it could be said that they will create emission reductions if agricultural policy supports it,” Ollikainen said.
He stressed that achieving emission reductions would require the government to refrain from slowing down consumers ’natural transition to a more vegetarian diet through decisions that support meat production.
Ollikainen added that the core problem of the work is that the medium-term climate policy plan is only one part of the national climate strategy, which is intertwined with, for example, the land use plan. The government has decided to make fewer decisions through a medium-term climate policy plan, so it will have to go beyond land use measures – which seems unlikely.
He also praised the decision to continue preparations for a national emissions trading scheme for road transport and said it would act as a mechanism to step up climate action, if necessary, after 2025.
Aleksi Teivainen – HT
Source: The Nordic Page