NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official

NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official
© Provided by Xinhua

Conesa said that a diplomatic modus vivendi could still be found to achieve peace in Ukraine, but for this to happen, ’s security problems must be taken into account.

By Xu Chi and Xu Jiatong

GENEVA, May 16 (Xinhua) – Attempts to extend membership of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization () to Ukraine, which Russia sees as a security threat, have long been thwarted by France and . At the same time, Finland and Sweden are knocking on NATO’s door.

All these developments contribute to a missed opportunity to propose an inclusive European security architecture for Russia, and according to Pierre Conesa, a former senior official in the French Ministry of Defense, this is the source of the ongoing “Ukrainian ”.

The consequences of all this, he told Xinhua in a recent interview, are felt more strongly by Europe than by the United States. Diplomats and political decision-makers must also be aware of the need to maintain a dialogue with Russia, which remains an important partner, he said.

NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official
© Provided by Xinhua

NATO EXPANSION DISORDER FOR

If Finland and Sweden join the that both countries have said they aim to do – their long-standing policy of military alliance freedom would end.

According to Conesa, while their accession will take some time, the possible NATO membership of the two countries will change the balance of power in NATO’s favor.

It will be possible for NATO to move nuclear weapons to Finland’s 1,300 km long border with Russia, he said, and the alliance may also decide to place submarines on the seaways near Russia’s ice-free port of Murmansk, exacerbating the country’s already limited access. to hot water ports.

NATO’s previous five rounds of enlargement have brought the Western military alliance more than 1,000 km closer to the Russian border in just over two decades.

According to Conesa, Moscow has obviously considered these enlargements “offensive”, and in light of that, the current tensions do not come as a surprise.

“Obviously, one of NATO’s core principles is to ensure the nuclear security of its members, which means that nuclear missiles can be installed along the Russian border, which was not the case before,” he said.

NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official
© Provided by Xinhua

“So, the Russian sensitivity was felt much stronger by the Europeans than by the Americans, and we now see that the American administration is quite belligerent,” Conesa said.

The United States is “more offensive” in the Ukrainian crisis than the Europeans, he noted.

“The Americans wanted us to immediately integrate Ukraine in its entirety into NATO, and it was the French and Germans who stopped the idea and said, no, watch out, it is very sensitive to Russia, and it must not be done so quickly. Now in itself the , we see that the prediction comes true, says Conesa.

According to Conesa, in the absence of an alternative to implementing the principle of indivisible security, NATO enlargement was “every time a nuisance to Moscow”.

NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official
© Provided by Xinhua

COLLECTIVE SECURITY A SOLUTION

Conesa believes that the conflict could have been avoided if Russia had been successfully involved in a European system of collective security.

“NATO expansion was, in fact, a way of seeing Europe as a continent whose security will be guaranteed by the military alliance, but we did not, in the meantime, propose a European security architecture in which Russia could also have its place and say,” he said.

Conesa said that a diplomatic modus vivendi could still be found to achieve peace in Ukraine, but for this to happen, Russia’s security problems must be taken into account.

“We must work with the Russians to design a security architecture, we must continue to discuss all these projects and problems with the Russians. We must tell them that you are partners, we understand your security problems.”

NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official
© Provided by Xinhua

TOXIC IMPACT OF HEATERS

Conesa rejected the toxic influence of what he called the military-intellectual complex. This, he said, includes a number of public figures trying to sell war as a necessity.

He described these warlords as extremely harmful to diplomacy, which would require dialogue with Russia.

“Diplomats and political decision-makers must take matters into their own hands, regain authority and cooperate with Moscow, which is what (French) President (Emmanuel) Macron is trying to do, in order to maintain ties with Russia so that when the terms of the negotiations are clear, we can really have closure, “Conesa said.

In Conesa’s view, the rise of Russophobia is the result of these “dangerous” and dishonest discourses. For him, the reports on the crisis indicate that the conflict is “limited to certain places”, but the scale of the conflict is potentially exaggerated.

NATO expansion root cause of the crisis in Ukraine: former senior French official
© Provided by Xinhua

For Conesa, the military-intellectual complex has an agenda, and such information must therefore be treated with caution.

“The US Guantanamo Bay detention center is still holding more than 30 people arrested during the invasions of and Afghanistan. They have been held without trial. Do you think we are worried about them at all, do you think we will ask them if they are being treated humanely? ? ” he said.

Source: sn.dk

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