“Lapland is a good example. It recorded migration gains, but many other regions have managed to reduce net migration losses during the coronavirus pandemic. The main explanation is the migration from the Helsinki metropolitan area to the provinces, ”MDI’s leading expert Timo Aro told me YLE on Friday.
The largest migration gain increased in Pirkanmaa, Southwest Finland by 3375, 1155 and in Northern Savonia by 707. Pirkanmaa and Pohjois-Savo had not enjoyed such profits for more than 70 years.
With about 80 percent of those moving from one locality to another under the age of 35, the net migration gain promises good regional birth rates. Migrants are also often highly educated and employed.
“Home and location choices for young adults are important for the future development of areas that generate migration gains,” he said.
As a result of internal migration, the population of Uusimaa decreased for the first time in at least 70 years, when there were more than 2,400 more migrants abroad than to the country. According to the broadcaster, Lapland saw its migration gains exceed its losses for the first time in 60 years, when people were attracted to factors such as winters, proximity to nature and a more relaxed lifestyle.
Southern Savonia had its lowest migration loss in more than 30 years, which is another indication of the change in migration trends.
The largest absolute net migration gains are in Tampere (1,816) and Kuopio (1,081), the latter making the largest increase in more than 70 years. A total of 127 municipalities grew as a result of internal migration, the highest number since 1992.
“Helsinki suffered migration losses to Espoo and Vantaa. Espoo and Vantaa suffer migration losses. To hot places and Porvoo. Hot localities suffer migration losses to other parts of Uusimaa and from there to other parts of Finland. This is a very regional development, Aro commented to YLE.
The local locations are Hyvinkää, Järvenpää, Kirkkonummi, Kerava, Mäntsälä, Nurmijärvi, Pornainen, Sipoo, Tuusula and Vihti.
Of the municipalities with at least 10,000 inhabitants, Sipoo, Tuusula, Kauniainen and Kaarina achieved the largest increases. Of the municipalities with at least 10,000 inhabitants, the largest relative losses were recorded in Kemi and Lieksa.
The whole of Finland also received its biggest migration gains in more than 30 years, which was mainly due to an increase in immigration from outside the EU. The number of immigrants was almost 36,400 and that of emigrants about 13,500, resulting in a net migration gain of about 22,900.
Immigration to Finland increased by 5,100 persons from the previous year, due to increased income from Russia (2,390), Ukraine (1,422) and Estonia (1,358).
Although the proportion of immigrants from abroad has increased throughout the 21st century, migration has risen to a new, record high during the pandemic.
“There’s a natural explanation. With the drying up of immigration, relocations back to the country have increased,” Aro analyzes.
Aleksi Teivainen – HT
Source: The Nordic Page