The new climate law will enter into force in July

“The new climate is vital for . The law will ensure that ambitious climate work continues throughout the . The law shows the how we can build a carbon-neutral by 2035. It is also a strong signal to in Finland.” Maria Ohisalo.

The law sets out climate change policy plans. The scope of the law will be extended to cover emissions from the land use sector, ie land use, forestry and agriculture, and includes, for the first time, an objective to strengthen carbon sinks.

“Incorporating land use into the climate law is a significant improvement. We have a lot of potential to reduce emissions and strengthen carbon sinks in the land use sector – forestry, construction and agriculture,” says Minister Ohisalo.

The previous Climate Act came into force in 2015 and set an emission reduction target only for 2050. The new Climate Act includes emission reduction targets for 2030 and 2040 based on the recommendations of the Climate Change Panel and the target for 2050 will be updated. Emission reduction targets are -60% by 2030, -80% by 2040 and at least -90%, but the target is -95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels.

Four policy plans to reduce emissions

The main instruments for guiding the law are national climate change policy plans. The law provides for four national climate change plans. The measures included in these will reduce in Finland and promote adaptation to climate change. The policy plans are:

  1. Medium – term climate change policy plan
  2. National Climate Change Adaptation Plan
  3. Long – term climate change policy plan
  4. Land use climate change plan

The law applies to the authorities and obliges ministries to draw up climate change policy plans. The aim of the climate policy planning system is to ensure the fairness and equity of measures and to promote sustainable development.

The Government will monitor the implementation of Finland’s climate targets and decide on the need for additional measures. In the future, the annual climate change report will include an assessment of whether the climate measures are sufficient for the next 15 years.

Sámi Climate Council as part of the preparation of climate policy

The livelihoods and of the Sámi are particularly vulnerable to climate change. In accordance with the new Climate Act, the Sámi Climate Council will be established as an independent expert body. It supports the preparation of climate change policy plans and gives opinions on them from the Sámi perspective.

What happens next?

The President of the Republic is due to pass the Climate Act on June 10.
The law will be supplemented in the autumn with provisions on municipal climate plans. In addition, provisions are added for a request for review under the Climate Change Act. The period for the proposal supplementing the Climate Act ends on 3 August. The proposal is scheduled to be submitted to Parliament in the autumn of 2022.

Under the Climate Change Act, two Government decrees are issued. They stipulate in more detail the tasks and composition of the Climate Change Panel and the Sámi Climate Council.

Source: Ministry of the Environment

Source: The Nordic Page

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