Ari-Pekka AuvinenA researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute (Syke) compared the significance and ambition of the strategy to the goal of becoming carbon neutral by 2035. While previous domestic and international efforts to halt biodiversity loss have failed, he is cautiously optimistic about the efforts. partly because of the greater societal importance given to biodiversity.
“The situation has clearly changed. I believe that the goals of the program have more political weight than before, he told YLE.
The biodiversity strategy was due to be finalized and submitted for comment by the end of the summer. However, preparations have been delayed and the strategy is now scheduled to be discussed in August.
YLE wrote that it had seen draft strategies that revealed that they did not contain concrete measures to achieve the goal. The measures are set out in an action plan for 2022-2023.
“Achieving the priority goal requires determined action from Finland to implement predetermined, significant changes in Finnish nature and to initiate immediate ecological change in Finnish society,” one draft reads.
The target is expected to require significant additional investment, as stated in the draft. For example, this year’s state budget has set aside about 125 million euros for nature conservation.
“Funding for nature conservation must be increased tenfold,” he said Paloma Hannonen, Head of Nature Conservation of the Finnish Association for Nature Conservation (SLL). “It requires broad support from the parties and also from the Ministry of Finance.”
Auvinen saw that halting the loss of biodiversity also requires reorienting agricultural and forestry support to support biodiversity.
Based on the information received by the Finnish Broadcasting Corporation, there have been disagreements between the various stakeholders involved in drawing up the strategy, especially with regard to forests, reflecting the long-standing tension between biodiversity and forest management. Liisa PietolaThe director of environmental affairs for the Federation of Farmers and Forest Owners (MTK) said it was good that the preparation process was on hold until the end of the summer.
– There has been a rush, he told YLE.
Auvinen stated that achieving the goal requires a compromise on the profitability requirements of forest management. “The Finnish forest machine is set to extremes. If you want to get something for the environment, it has a price tag, ”he pointed out.
The draft strategy proposes to monitor biodiversity with around 120 indicators, including populations of certain animals, the presence of certain plants, and the diversity and quality of habitats.
Aleksi Teivainen – HT
Source: The Nordic Page