They generate a large part of the added value of the German economy. Universities, on the other hand, are traditionally located in metropolitan areas. “The success of regional economic policy largely depends on finding a highly qualified workforce,” says the author Thomas Fackler.
Lindlacher says: “The greater the distance between secondary school and university for University of Munich graduates, the more likely they are to later move to another labor market area for their first job.” A person who graduated from the nearest university 30 kilometers away from high school is almost 30 percentage points more likely to move on to study than someone who attended school only 15 kilometers away from the university. Fackler adds, “A few extra miles in transition to college can increase workforce mobility later in their careers.” On the other hand, offering discounted local transport tickets to students may not only attract graduates, but also reduce the departure of local graduates to start their careers elsewhere.
The survey data comes from the Bavarian Graduate Panel, which conducts written surveys of university students in all fields of study. The surveys record characteristics such as course of study, first job, place of high school graduation and other socio-economic factors. Geographic information is stored in the form of postal codes.
Article (only in German): “How can the mobility of university graduates be increased in the labor market?” Thomas A. Fackler and Valentin Lindlacher, ifo Schnelldienst 10/2022
Available online here.
Source: ifo Insitutute
Source: The Nordic Page