BEIJING, Dec. 30 (Xinhua) — The following are the top 10 world news events of 2022 selected by Xinhua in chronological order:
RCEP enters into force, sending a strong voice from Asia on integration
The Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) officially entered into force on January 1, marking the launch of a free trade area with the largest population, the largest scale of trade and the greatest potential for development.
Over the past year, the share of duty-free products among member countries has increased by a large margin, trade and investment have been further liberalized and facilitated, and regional industrial, supply and value chains have been further consolidated and developed.
Against the backdrop of rising anti-globalization sentiment and sluggish world economic recovery, China is working with all parties to promote regional economic integration, promote common development and prosperity, and improve global economic governance.
The entry into force of RCEP shows once again that common development is the trend of history and mutual benefit is the aspiration of people.
The Tonga volcano erupts with rare violence
The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai underwater volcano in the Pacific island nation of Tonga erupted on January 14-15, triggering a tsunami. The eruption was more powerful than any nuclear test or volcanic eruption of the 20th century. The 57 km long plume was the tallest ever recorded and the first observed plume to break through the stratosphere and directly into the mesosphere.
The eruption’s impact on the global environment and climate has attracted considerable attention. The international community has extended a helping hand to Tonga.
The Chinese government took the lead in providing the first batch of relief supplies, demonstrating with concrete action the vision of building a human community with a shared future.
The crisis in Ukraine is accelerating changes not seen in a century
On February 24, Russia launched a special military operation against Ukraine, which on the same day declared martial law. The US and other NATO countries have continued to fan the flames, imposing sanctions on Russia and providing military aid to Ukraine. Finland and Sweden applied for membership in NATO. Explosions damaged Nord Stream’s gas pipelines.
The Ukraine crisis has escalated geopolitical tensions in Europe, which, among other things, has led to a global shortage of energy and food.
Before the crisis, most countries refused to follow suit and impose sanctions on Russia. China has always been on the side of peace and played a constructive role in promoting peace and dialogue. In the wake of this crisis, the trend towards a multipolar world has become more pronounced, and the profound changes not seen in a century have accelerated worldwide.
Highlights abound in human space exploration
The year 2022 marks continuous progress in mankind’s exploration of the vast universe. On May 12, astronomers around the world, including China, revealed the first ever image of Sagittarius A*, the supermassive black hole at the center of the Milky Way.
On July 11, the United States released the first full-color image taken by the James Webb Space Telescope. On September 26, NASA conducted its first planetary defense test mission, with a spacecraft intentionally crashing into an asteroid in a test to protect Earth in the event of an asteroid impact threat.
China has also made continuous efforts in space exploration. In June, China successfully launched its Shenzhou-14 manned spacecraft and sent three astronauts to the country’s space station. In November, China’s space station lab module Mengtian successfully completed transposition into orbit, marking the formation of the space station’s basic T-shaped configuration.
On November 30, the three astronauts aboard China’s Shenzhou-15 spacecraft entered the country’s space station and met the Shenzhou-14 spacecraft astronaut trio, a historic gathering. China’s space station has become the most dazzling “China Star” in space.
The 20th CPC National Congress ends with far-reaching significance for the world
On October 22, the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was successfully concluded in Beijing.
The Congress has shown the world the bright prospect of promoting the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation on all fronts through a Chinese road to modernization, and delivered a strong signal that China will continue to deepen opening up and cooperation with the outside world, and promote world peace and development in the new era, all of which have resonated widely throughout the world.
It is widely recognized in the international community that the 20th National Congress of the CPC has far-reaching significance for the world, bringing strong stability to the complex and volatile international situation. Under the strong leadership of the CPC, China will continue to bring new opportunities to the world through new development and continue to promote the construction of a human community with a common future and a better world.
Strong left comeback in LatAm is reshaping the political landscape
Brazil’s former left-wing president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva defeated his rival and was elected president on October 30. His election followed the victory of Colombia’s leftist Gustavo Petro in June, who became the first elected leftist president in the country’s history.
By the end of 2022, populous countries in Latin America, namely Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Argentina, Venezuela, and Chile, have all elected left-wing governments, and how to revitalize the economy and improve people’s livelihoods is a realistic challenge left-wing governments face. area.
The left’s strong comeback has not only profoundly changed the political landscape in Latin America, but also the world.
Countries are jointly exploring ways to coexist with nature
On November 6, the World Meteorological Organization published a report saying that the past eight years are likely to be the hottest on record.
By 2022, many countries have experienced unprecedented high temperatures and subsequent severe droughts and forest fires. Pakistan and Afghanistan have been hit by severe floods. Protecting the earth has become all the more important.
At the end of the year, the conferences of the parties to the three global pacts for the environment were held one after the other. The 14th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands adopted the Wuhan Declaration, the 27th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change concluded with a number of fruitful results, and the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, demonstrating the determination and action of the international community to work together for a clean and beautiful world.
The persistent COVID-19 pandemic is profoundly reshaping the world
The persistent covid-19 pandemic has caused enormous damage to human life and health, had a profound impact on the world economy and people’s work and life, and exacerbated supply chain disruptions and labor shortages.
By putting people and their lives first, the Chinese government has optimized its response measures and has achieved great positive results in coordinating epidemic prevention and control with socio-economic development.
Countries around the world should focus on the common well-being of humanity, intensify macro-policy coordination and strengthen international cooperation in areas such as repairing industrial and supply chains, public health, trade and finance, and food and energy security.
China’s head of state diplomacy is currently writing a new chapter
On December 10, Chinese President Xi Jinping returned to China after attending the first China-Arab Summit and the China-Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Summit and paid a state visit to Saudi Arabia.
This year, Xi declared the 24th Beijing Winter Olympics open, attracting world attention. The Chinese president made three foreign trips, visited five countries, chaired or participated in multilateral meetings, including the virtual summit to celebrate the 30th anniversary of diplomatic relations between China and the Central Asian countries, the China-Arab Summit, the China-GCC Summit , the 14th BRICS Summit, the 22nd Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the 17th Group of 20 Summit and the 29th APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting, and held talks with leaders of countries and international organizations, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, US President Joe Biden, French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, European Council President Charles Michel and UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.
In order to maintain peace, development, cooperation and mutual benefit, China’s Head of State diplomacy has pushed the Global Development Initiative and the Global Security Initiative for more results, built broad consensus and gathered great strength to safeguard world peace and promote common development.