About 100,000 hectares would be protected in private forests and 530,000 hectares in state forests.
Since 10 percent would be a national target rather than a target for each province, the proportion of protected forests is likely to remain low – less than five percent – in the southern parts of the country, despite having the highest species diversity. According to Helsingin Sanomat. Less than five percent of southern Finland’s forest areas are currently protected.
The strategy itself would not increase protection or oblige anyone to take action, because when it is issued as a government decision, it only binds the government that issues it, the newspaper emphasized.
Its ultimate goal is to stop the decline of biodiversity in Finland – a goal that many governments have already avoided.
Although the protection and restoration of forests and wetlands is a means to an end, changes are also needed in the areas of human activity. According to the draft strategy, the amount of rotting wood in commercial forests will be increased to 7.5 cubic meters per hectare by 2030 and to 10 cubic meters per hectare by 2035.
The number of large and old trees in economic forests should also be increased.
Helsingin sanomat newspaper wrote that the previous biodiversity strategy failed to halt biodiversity loss by 2020, and analyzes showed that two-thirds of the measures it proposed had only a limited positive impact on biodiversity. The draft strategy therefore sets more detailed and measurable targets and focuses not only on conservation, restoration and other conservation measures, but also in an effort to address the causes of biodiversity loss, such as agriculture, consumption, forestry and planning.
According to the strategy, Finland needs sustainable development change. Change requires rapid and comprehensive changes in all social systems and adaptation of such systems to ecological carrying capacity.
“Sustainable development change requires changes in values and behavior, and as a result, the final time span of the reform is long and intergenerational. When implemented, the change will also bring many changes to people’s everyday life, and therefore it is important that the changes are implemented fairly.
Aleksi Teivainen – HT
Source: The Nordic Page