In the age group over 80, the excess mortality was 640 per 100,000 people, and in the age group 60–79 92. In the two youngest age groups, the relative excess mortality was much lower, 12 and 1, respectively.
“What’s surprising is that excess mortality accelerated again in 2022,” says Ragnitz. There were approximately 39,000 deaths in 2020, 68,000 in 2021 and almost 74,000 in 2022. “The exact reasons for this are still unclear. The heat waves of the summer and the flu at the end of the year probably also played a role,” he adds.
To calculate the expected number of deaths, the ifo institute takes the average of the years before the Covid-19 pandemic (2016–2019) and adjusts it according to the increase in life expectancy and changes in the age structure.
Source: ifo Institute
Source: The Nordic Page