Cast: Zoya Vaschenkomother whose 32-year-old son was killed by shrapnel as he slept, one of about 70,000 cases being investigated as war crimes in Ukraine, Sviatoslav Ruban and Oleksandra Romantsova at the Center for Civil Liberties which investigates war crimes in Ukraine, Ove Bringinternational law expert and professor emeritus of international law, Olga and Arseny protesting against the war in Stockholm, Karolina Wieslanderchamber prosecutor who started a so-called “structural preliminary investigation” for the war in Ukraine, Oona Hathawayprofessor of international law at Yale University in the United States, Alexander CherkasovRussian human rights defender, Pavel FilatyevRussian deserter from the war in Ukraine, Vladimir Osetchkin, Tom RøsethNorwegian intelligence expert, Brynjulf RisnesNorwegian lawyer for the alleged Wagner soldier Andrej Medvedev who moved to Norway and others
In the footsteps of the war crimes investigators
Radio correspondent Lubna El-Shanti follows Ukrainian war crimes investigators on the ground in Ukraine, around 70,000 suspected cases of war crimes have already been registered. But what will the investigations lead to? Will Russian politicians and commanders, and individual soldiers be able to be tried for war crimes, even though Russia has not signed the Rome Statute, which is the basis of the International War Crimes Tribunal ICC?
Experts figure out what the regulations look like and what is possible. At the same time, more and more Ukrainian representatives, top European politicians and academics are arguing that a special tribunal for the war in Ukraine should be set up, in order to hold Vladimir Putin and other Russian leaders accountable for the invasion itself, the so-called crime of aggression or breach of peace .
Russian deserters – complicated testimonies
Several Russian soldiers have deserted from the war in Ukraine and fled to the West. Conflict interviews Pavel Filatyev about what he saw from inside the Russian army. He speaks openly about war crimes committed in the war, although he says that he himself and his unit have not been guilty of any such. As the Russian deserter sees it, it is primarily not the individual soldiers who are guilty, but politicians and commanders higher up, who, he also thinks, should both be brought to justice. Konflikt also takes a closer look at the story of the alleged Wagner soldier who recently fled to Norway. Several experts have cast doubt on his story and warn that he may be a Russian double agent. But IF his story that he was the commander of a group within the Wagner mercenary force is true, then he is also a possible war criminal, how is that handled by the Norwegian authorities?
Host: Fernando Arias
Reporters: Lubna El-Shanti and Lotten Collin
Technician: Stina Fagerberg
Producer: Anja Sahlberg
Source: ICELAND NEWS